God’s people the Israelites were in bondage in Egypt. The Lord God visited their leader Moses and revealed to him the following. The Lord appeared to Moses in a flame of fire from a bush (Exodus 3:7-10).
1. “I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt” (v. 7)
2. “I have heard their cry because of their taskmasters” (v. 7).
3. “I know their sorrows” (v. 7).
4. “I have come down to deliver them from the hand of the Egyptians” (v. 8).
5. “. . . To bring them up from that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey” (v. 8).
God revealed to Moses that He is the Lord God of his fathers, of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and revealed to him His name, “I AM WHO I AM” (Exodus 3:6,15), God told Moses that he would bring the people out of Egypt, and “you shall serve God on this mountain” (Exodus 3:12).
God told Moses: “This is My name forever, and this is My memorial to all generations” (Exodus 3:15).
God revealed that because the king of Egypt would not let them go, God would stretch out His hand and strike Egypt with “all My wonders” and the king would let them go (v. 20).
God said He would give them favor when they leave Egypt.
God said every woman shall ask their neighbor for silver, gold and clothing, and that they would plunder the Egyptians (v. 22).
God did miraculous signs so that the people would believe God had appeared to Moses:
1. Moses’ rod became a serpent and then a rod (Ex. 4:2-4).
2. Moses put his hand in his chest and it became leprous and then was restored (Ex. 4:6-7).
God said that if the people did not believe Moses, or heed the message of the first sign, “that they may believe the message of the latter sign” (Ex. 4:8).
Then He told Moses that if they do not believe these two signs or listen to Moses’ voice, that Moses should take water from the river, pour it on the dry land, and it would become blood (Ex. 4:9).
Moses and his brother Aaron gathered the elders of Israel. Aaron spoke the words the Lord had spoken to Moses. Then he did the signs as the people of Israel watched. The people believed, bowed their heads and worshipped (Ex. 4:29-31).
6 Therefore say to the children of Israel: ‘I am the Lord; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
7 I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8 And I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the Lord.’ ”
9 So Moses spoke thus to the children of Israel; but they did not heed Moses, because of anguish of spirit and cruel bondage (Ex. 6:6-9).
The Lord revealed to Moses that He was making a covenant with His people (Ex. 6:4). A summary of what God told Moses:
1. He will give them the land of Canaan (v. 4).
3. God heard their groaning (v. 5).
4. He remembered His covenant (v. 5).
5. He will bring them out from under the burdens of the Egyptians (v. 6).
6. He will rescue them from their bondage (v. 6).
7. He will redeem them with an outstretched arm and great judgments (v. 6).
8. He will take them as His people (v. 7).
9. He will be their God (v. 7).
10. They shall know that He is the Lord their God (v. 7).
11. He will give them land which He swore to give to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, as a heritage (v. 8).
God brought 10 plagues in Egypt.
The Lord instituted the Passover, which brought the people out of Egypt and saved them from the last plague, on the firstborn children in Egypt.
He instituted the Feast of Unleavened Bread, celebrating their deliverance from Egypt.
The Lord gave His people favor with the Egyptians (Ex. 12:36). The people asked for silver, gold and clothing, and the Egyptians granted them what they requested (Ex. 12:36).
The following is an overview of the supernatural things God continued to do for the Israelites:
1. God Himself went before and behind the camp of Israel. God gave them a pillar of cloud by day and a flame of fire at night, that came between them and the Egyptians who were pursuing them, to protect them (Ex. 14:19-20).
2. God parted the Red Sea so the Israelites passed through to safety (Ex. 14:21-22).
3. God fought for them against the Egyptians, causing them difficulty and even overthrowing them in the Red Sea.
The people feared the Lord, believed Him and believed Moses (Ex. 14:31).
4. God promised them healing (Ex. 15:26).
The people complained about being in the wilderness. Then, the Lord promised bread from heaven, to test them, whether they would walk in His law or not (Ex. 16:4).
5. After their complaints, the Lord caused His glory to appear before them in a cloud (Ex. 16:10).
6. The Lord told Moses that He would give them meat in the evening and bread in the morning (Ex. 16:12).
Some disobeyed Moses and left some of the bread until the next day (Ex. 16:20).Though they were told not to gather any bread on the Sabbath, some did (v. 27). The Lord asked Moses: “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws?” (Ex. 16:28).They spent 40 years in the wilderness.
On their next journey, there was no water. They complained about it.
7. The Lord gave them water from the rock (Ex. 17:6).
The Amalekites fought against them. Israel prevailed (Ex. 17:13).
8. The Lord revealed Himself to them as “The Lord My Banner” (Ex. 17:15).
9. The Lord promised them that if they would obey Him and keep His covenant, they would be a special treasure to Him above all people (Ex. 19:5).
10. He promised them they would be a kingdom of priests (v. 6)
11. He promised them they would be a holy nation (v. 6).
12. The Lord told Moses He would come to him in a thick cloud (v. 9).
13. The Lord indeed visited the camp of Israel. It is one of the most awesome, dramatic visitations in the Bible (Ex. 19:16-24).
14. God gave them the Ten Commandments (Ex. 20).
The people witnessed the visitation when God gave the Ten Commandments:
Now all the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when all the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. Exodus 20:18
The people requested that Moses speak to them, and not God, “lest we die” (Ex. 20:19)
Moses explained that God was testing them, that His fear may be before them, so that they may not sin (Ex. 20:20).
God spoke to Moses again. After the giving of the commandments, the first thing He told Moses to tell the people was:
“You shall not make anything to be with Me – gods of silver or gods of gold you shall not make for yourselves” (Ex. 20:23).
God then commanded that they make an altar and sacrifice offerings. God said: “In every place I record My name I will come to you, and I will bless you” (Ex. 20:24).
15. God commanded that they do not make gods of silver or gold (v. 23).
16. God commanded that they make an altar and offer sacrifices (v. 24).
17. God said He would come to them and bless them (v. 24).
God then gave them the law and all the instructions for the building of the tabernacle and more (Exodus 25-31).
The Golden Calf
God visited Moses on Mount Sinai and gave him these instructions. He also gave Moses the two tablets with the commandments (Ex. 31:18).
While Moses was away from the camp, the people demanded that Aaron make them “gods that shall go before us” (Ex. 32:1).
Aaron built a molded calf made of the people’s gold.
The Lord saw it and told Moses: “Now therefore, let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them” (Ex. 32:10).
Moses pleaded with Lord, and He “relented from the harm which He said He would do to His people (Ex. 32:14).
Then Moses went down from the mountain to the camp.
When he was near them, he saw the calf.
He was angry and broke the tablets which he was carrying.
This event was prophetic and symbolic of the fact that the people would break the law.