The First Person
The first person God created reveals much about Jehovah God’s nature and love and man’s response.
Adam’s choices and actions are what all humans would have done.
God created Adam in His own image and likeness (Genesis 1:28).
He gave Adam His presence and glory (2:7).
Adam was in the presence and glory of God (so much that he did not know he had no clothes on) (Genesis 3:7).
He made Adam a king (1:28).
He created a place called Eden, as well as the lands of Havilah, Cush and Assyria (2:11,13,14).
He gave Adam a beautiful garden, east of Eden.
We do not know the size of the garden. Some believe it was the size of today’s Middle East.
The garden had “every kind of tree pleasing to the eye and good for food” (2:9).
In addition to every kind of tree, we are told there were also two trees, which are mentioned specifically (2:9).
The Bible does not reveal how many trees were in the garden.
It reveals two “groups” of trees: “every kind” and then the two additional trees.
The first group (“every kind of tree”) was plural; two or more.
Therefore, we can conclude there were at least four trees or more. It could have been four, five, ten, twenty, a million, or more. The exact number is not known.
Also, trees, their fruit and seeds of course produce more trees. Therefore, the number of trees was increasing.
Some believe that the vegetation in the garden of Eden has resulted in the oil in today’s Middle East.
God created a river that became four rivers (2:10-14). So, He gave Adam water.
In Havilah, there was gold, bdellium and the precious crystal onyx (2:11,12). Since Adam had dominion over the earth, God gave Him that wealth.
Gold is one of the most valuable precious metals on earth.
Bdellium is a fragrant resin produced by trees related to myrrh, used in perfumes, medicines, and incense.
Onyx is a beautiful crystal. It is the cryptocrystalline form of the mineral quartz, composed of very fine intergrowths of quartz and moganite.
God saw a need, that Adam was alone (2:18). God gave Adam a helper and a companion, comparable to Him, Eve.
God took a rib from Adam and made Eve. This miracle and event is a prophecy of Jesus Christ’s blood and water flowing from His side after His death.
The blood is a prophecy of the seventh and final time Jesus shed His blood. He was the perfect sacrifice.
The water is a prophecy of the coming of the Holy Spirit.
The creation of Eve is a prophecy of the birth of the church of Jesus Christ.
He told them to be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth.
He created all the living creatures of the sea, the animals, and birds of the land (1:24-25, 2:19).
He told Adam to subdue them (1:28).
He gave Adam a mind so creative that he was able to name all the creatures, beasts, animals and birds (2:19-20).
He gave Adam every herb which yielded seeds (1:29).
He gave Adam every tree which yielded fruit for food (1:29).
He gave to every living creature green herbs for food (1:30).
God saw everything He had made, “and indeed it was very good” (1:31).
The account does not reveal how long Adam and Eve lived before the fall.
The following is what we are told about Adam’s choices and actions:
1. Adam ate fruit from the forbidden tree (Genesis 3:6).
2. Adam lost the glory of God. He knew he was naked (3:7).
3. He heard God walking in the garden (3:8).
4. He hid (3:8).
5. God called for Adam (3:9).
6. Adam was afraid (3:10).
7. God asked Adam two questions (3:11).
8. Adam said “The woman whom you gave to be with me” gave him the fruit, and he ate it (3:12). Adam blamed God (3:12).
1. God was in fellowship with Adam (Gen. 2:7)
2. God was walking in the garden (v. 8).
3. God called for Adam (v. 9).
4. God asked Adam two questions (v.11).
Summary of Adam’s primary actions:
1. When Adam heard God walking, he hid (v. 8).
2. When Adam heard God call for him, he was afraid (v. 10).
3. When God asked him if he had eaten of the forbidden tree, Adam blamed God (v. 12).