Cain and Abel

Adam and Eve’s first two children were Cain and Abel.

Cain was a farmer. Abel was a keeper of sheep (Gen. 4:2).

Both brought offerings to God. Cain offered fruit of the ground. Abel offered the firstborn of his flock.

God respected Abel’s offering, as it was prophetic of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. God did not respect Cain’s offering (Gen. 4:3-5).

Yet, God told Cain: “If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it” (Gen. 4:7).

God had mercy on Cain, revealed that Cain could be accepted, and revealed to him how: do well and not sin.

Cain killed Abel (Gen. 4:8).

The enemy was trying to stop the seed of Jesus Christ.

God pronounced a curse on Cain, who would be a fugitive and vagabond on the earth (Gen. 4:12).

God set a mark on Cain to protect him from being killed. He also declared that anyone who did kill him would receive vengeance sevenfold (Gen. 4:15).

Adam and Eve conceived again and had Seth. God appointed another seed that would lead to Jesus Christ.


1. The first two people’s firstborn son, Cain, killed the second born son, Abel.
2. Though Cain’s offering was rejected, God had mercy and showed Cain how to be accepted.
3. After Cain killed Abel, God pronounced a curse on Cain. God also protected Cain from being killed.